Materials for interior partitions

In modern construction in the layout of the commonly used original projects. Many new apartments are rented without finishing and interior walls, as future tenants are designing the apartment to suit your needs and finances. And if the design and finishing materials are all more or less defined, the choice of material for partitions even professional builders have problems.

Similar problems of choice arise when mass building and the construction of cottage settlements.
This article provides the basic materials for the construction of interior partitions and are compared to each other to select the most applicable in modern conditions.

Before describing the different materials and their comparison we give the main requirements for interior partitions:
1.The material for the walls must be well processed to create complex shapes – arches, bulges, etc.
2.When routing wiring and other wires should not have any problems due to the high strength of the material of the septum.
3.Partition must be strong enough for attaching it to shelves, household appliances, etc.
4.ONE of the most IMPORTANT REQUIREMENTS — partitioning should provide a good heat-molded sound absorber
UW between the rooms.
5.The walls in the bathroom should be moisture resistant.
6.Partitions shall be easily installed.

Main materials:

When using bricks for construction of walls requires skilled masons, it is not always possible. Plus these walls are expensive, they also require plaster, due to the curvature of the masonry. Meets the requirements of 3,4,5.

2.vibropressed blocks
These partitions are large in size than brick (e.g. SCC 2P-14
“Partition” 379х79х140мм), so they are more simple in the masonry. Also a plus is the fact that the blocks have the grooves of accurate masonry. It is therefore possible to make smooth walls that do not require plaster. The main drawback is the large weight and high strength. Because of the large weight it is not always possible for their application, due to the high strength (usually M200) difficult wiring and other wires. Meet the requirements 3,4,5,6

3.plasterboard partitions
Recently very often build plasterboard partitions. This is due to the fact that they are the most simple in construction. At the same time, they have a lot of disadvantages. They are very fragile and can be broken just from the impact. Also difficult to hang shelves and other items. Data partitions have a high acoustic permeability and the cottage there may even be (not always, but possible) to start a third party, except lawful occupants of the fauna, such as mice. We can say that the use of these partitions is justified only in case when you need to make easy partition; in all other cases it is better to use other materials. Meet the requirements 1,2,6

4.gypsum blocks
These units are very popular in the construction of interior partitions. One of them is easily and quickly erected walls. When routing wires does not occur any problems. The only problem is that the vast majority of cases, used blocks of sizes 667h500h80mm. The problem is that partitions made of gypsum blocks with thickness of 80mm have an index of airborne sound insulation 39Дб (source СП55-103-2004), and this does not meet even the standards obsolete SNIP 2-12-77. In this SNIP, the index of airborne sound insulation shall be not less than 41Дб. These indicators satisfy the partition walls gypsum blocks 100 mm thick. Meet the requirements 1,2,3,5,6

5.aerated concrete blocks
Aerated concrete blocks are nowadays one of the most popular materials for insulation of exterior walls and building partitions. High geometric accuracy, ease of handling and installation, environmental friendliness ensured their popularity. The only requirement which does not satisfy the data blocks and soundproofing. This is due to the fact that the aerated concrete blocks are produced with a density from 400 to 600 kg\cub. m. A material with this density can not provide a decent insulation. Therefore, it can be argued that if for warmth this material is perfect for interior partitions it is too sound-transparent. Walls of aerated concrete blocks, density 500 kg\cub. m. a thickness of 100 mm have an index of airborne sound insulation 39Дб, 150mm – 41Дб (data Also concrete blocks have low moisture resistance. Meet the requirements 1,2,3,5

6.foam concrete blocks
Foam concrete blocks are also widespread, but is still inferior to the popularity of aerated concrete and gypsum. The reason apparently is that these units produce not only large manufacturers who can provide quality control, but many smaller ones. So often foam concrete blocks have a poor geometry, which prevents their implementation in mass construction. However, despite this, this material competes with the concrete and gradually finds its niche in the construction market. Foam concrete of density 500 has the same features of insulation, with aerated concrete. But the advantage is that you can have any manufacturer to order the blocks with a density of 1000 kg.\CBM Blocks this density is enough, but not too durable. They are moisture resistant and easy to fit. Walls of aerated concrete blocks with density of 1000 kg\cub. m have an index of airborne sound insulation 41Дб that meets the standards of SNIP. Meet the requirements 1,2,3,4,5,6
Conclusion – the presence of high-quality foam blocks are the best material for the construction of interior partitions. Need to order blocks of 100mm thickness, density 1000kg.\cu. m. In case of impossibility of acquisition of these blocks, it is desirable to use gypsum plaster blocks thickness 100 mm.

20 Photos of the Materials for interior partitions