History partitions

Construction history is mainly the story of the construction of the walls. The abundance in folklore, Proverbs and expressions, one way or another related to this theme is significant: “Houses and walls help”, “For him – like a stone wall!”, “At home”. They faithfully Express our attitude to such familiar things as the wall.
History partitions
Meanwhile, to build a wall to limit and share the living space, the man began at the dawn of civilization, and they are changed together with the development of arts and crafts. The story of the walls of the complex and interesting; each era and each culture has made this building block of something special. Do not count these partitions: herbal mats to granite monoliths, from conventional brickwork to the ultra-modern glass partitions. After all, the desire to divide space and create individual areas within a large room accompanies us from ancient times. It is particularly interesting to trace the development of lightweight office partitions – they have always been at the forefront of the “building fashion” and functionality is not inferior to the capital walls.

In the caves!

Despite the fact that man is a social creature, since ancient times he has tried to create around himself a private space. Surprisingly, even in excavations of prehistoric people are found traces of attempts to allocate separate areas inside of the caves. For example, during excavations in the cave Zhou Koudian near Beijing were found not only the remains of Sinanthropus (Homo Sapiens ancestors), but the traces of the arrangement of the camp, including the similarity of the light barriers of stones and twigs. That is already tens of thousands of years ago prelude tried to elevate their humble abode, dividing it into individual zones.

The CRO-magnons – the first representatives of “Homo sapiens” – at the end of the last ice age have learned to share space with a kind of walls of stones, branches and clay. The inhabitants of the late stone age were able to build quite adept walls of hewn limestone blocks – is shown by the excavations on the South of the UK. A complex system of earthen dwellings were divided into residential and commercial zones, apparently, holes in the walls was blocking screens of animal skins or woven mats.

Art to divide the living space has long been common among the nomadic peoples. Oddly enough, living on the principle of “it is”, the nomads knew how to use easy walls. Usually the tent was divided into zones by partitions of carpets and thick leather curtains suspended to the supporting structures. Thus not only created a cozy and private living space, but also saves heat or to create protection from excessive heat. Ancient Scandinavians in their “long houses” made of special alcoves, which were fenced off from the communal rooms by means of partitions made of woven or crafted out of leather curtains. Thus was achieved the necessary privacy and preserved the precious heat. Slavs have always done internal partitions in the wooden houses. However, the main division of the hut into zones was achieved by the famous Russian stove. Behind the stove were arranged clean room, the oven served as both a cooking stove, and the wall, and a bedroom. Thanks to this unique design, even in our harsh climate in the homes are always warm. In order to make space for the furnace separate from the parlor and kitchen, be sure to hang thick curtains of homespun rugs.

True heights of the art division of the premises had reached the far East. To this day Japanese, Chinese and Koreans zoned housing using light screens (in Japanese, such a partition is called fusuma). As familiarity of the Europeans with the Asian culture a variety of screens and screens began to come into Vogue in the West. Graceful walls of silk and paper on a light bamboo frame was in Vogue in the XVIII century gallant, more strict, carved, wooden, marked Victorian colonial style.

A real flowering of the lung walls was the turn of the XIX and XX centuries. The modern era has brought to the interior of forged metal and glass. Graceful folding screens with a fancy ornamented surfaces of the steel a distinctive touch salon and secular homes. Alas, after the First World war screens and light walls have gone by the wayside, becoming functional and faceless identity “public offices” – offices, hospitals and banks. And only at the end of the fifties about them again remembered.

And together and apart…

When the postwar wave of economic recovery started to develop intensively the Japanese Corporation Sony, Matsushita, Akai, etc., their distinctive feature is the peculiar, but extremely effective corporate identity. It was the result of the synthesis of modern methods of work organization and of ancient cultural traditions and management gave a stunning effect.

The peculiarity lay in the fact that the team, usually very numerous, worked in one large room, not divided by European traditions on the room. In this case the team spirit and close cooperation of employees of all ranks have led to a great result. And since the end of the sixties began a slow but steady penetration of Japanese technology and capital in the United States and Western Europe. Of course, along with companies advanced and corporate culture. But it was noticed that in Western terms the Japanese principles of work organization began to falter. Studies have shown that for the successful solution of the tasks to the employee with a Western mentality you need private space in which he can feel quite isolated. And, however, the joint work of the team as a single organism was still more effective than individual work or work in small isolated groups. To solve this problem has found a simple and very effective way to divide rooms into zones with light office partitions, original descendants of the ancient fusuma. Surprisingly, this simple device has been so successful that the victorious office partitions continues to this day. Moreover, these partitions are not only important functional detail of the interior, but also a way of expression, and the image of companies.

Moreover, otrodjas in the office space as office partitions, screens and screens again moved into residential interiors. It was caused by many reasons – and enduring fashion for all things Eastern, and popularity of housing with a free plan, but still in the first place – the convenience of such partitions and their mobility. Modern man dynamic; to live in the same place is they are not interested in changing life situations that come up in these situations to the aid of light barriers.

I must say that the appearance of descendants of the sliding doors has undergone significant changes. This is natural, because in our time, light partitions, perform a variety of functions have quite complex designs and are created of the most modern materials.

The diversity of opportunities

Over the past decade, ideas about what should be the office has changed, and office partitions evolved in accordance with the requirements of the time. So the current Arsenal of office partitions amazing variety of constructive solutions and materials used. The easiest and most affordable option at the moment are frame office partitions. They consist of an aluminum or steel frame and panels of different materials (MDF, particle Board, plasterboard, laminated or toughened glass).

Frames for this kind of office partitions are collected on the basis of specially developed profile systems, common features of which are modularity and scalability. That is, from standard blocks, connected at different angles, going design any size and configuration, depending on the imagination of the designer and the customer. The majority of domestic manufacturers of office partitions used foreign core system (ABCD International, Rimadesio, Astor Mobili, Albed), although in recent years an increasing number of their own developments, adapted to the needs of Russian consumers.

Frame office partitions allow you to implement a wide range of colour and texture solutions. Using durable polymer films (e.g., vinyl coating “Durafort”) partitions are painted in any color (for example, in the corporate colors of the company), mimic the texture of wood, metal, stone, etc.

Frame office partition can be divided into two groups – stationary and mobile. By and large, they differ only by one stationary partition rigidly attached to the floor, ceiling and walls, mobile partitions just stand on steady legs or wheels. But that nuance the scope of their use are slightly different.

So, fixed partitions is almost real walls. They are quite strictly zoned space and are a good barrier to noise. For example, relying on building regulations sound insulation ability (sound insulation index Rw, measured in decibels – dB), we can compare the acoustic permeability of different materials: plaster wall in a half-brick (thickness 150 mm) – 47 dB, a brick (thickness 280 mm) – 54 dB, the partition of two sheets of 12 mm drywall, the interior space of which is filled with mineral wool thickness of 50 mm (the total thickness of the structure 160 mm) – 53 dB. That is, the light baffle in the noise is commensurate with a full brick wall, which is almost twice as thick! There are situations when the application of fixed office partitions impossible. For example, you cannot make holes in the floor or walls. Then zoning will help the mobile office partitions. Stationary partitions, they are more lightweight frame, and if necessary, they can be moved or even removed.

20 Photos of the History partitions