Carpenter work. Expert tips, tricks, and secrets

The article describes the professional techniques for working with wood, according to the device cages, forests, and other carpentry operations. You will learn what advantages and disadvantages are screws and nails like sharpened cutting edges, get professional advice on the organization of work.

Carpentry is very common in our country, so rich in wood. In our article we will talk about how to make working with wood easy and safe.

A nail or screw

These two metiz — constant companions of the woodwork. With the invention of the self-tapping screw nails, it would seem, had to move to the third plan, i.e., their scope was reduced to the area of support operations. However, this type of attachment is popular a few hundred years and today his design has not changed.

The advantages of nail (in comparison with the screw):

A powerful rod.
The installation does not need electricity.
A smaller percentage of marriage in the parties.
Keeps the force on the slice.


Poorly retained in the wood when force is exerted on the pulling.
One-time use (in 50-60% of cases).
When mounting parts can move from shock (the inconvenience).
Disassembly is often deformed material (from the dog).
Corrode (not anodized).

Based on this simple analysis, the usual (smooth) nails best applied:

For fixing the roofing sheet material — slate.
For work in remote places where there is no possibility to use power tools.
In the case of fixation on a set of points (thin sheet material).
In constructions where the stress is shear.

Do not apply in the following cases:

Repair of furniture (excluding upholstery).
For clamping thick sheet materials (particleboard, OSB) to the base. Do not need to try to penetrate the wood stove with a nail — there is a risk to spoil the whole plot.
If the base (something that holds the main part of the nail) — not wood.

Worthy competition the screw can only make special screw nail — it gives plus 50% of the force against pulling out.

Tips when working with nails:

A rusty nail will continue to acidify in the design and mounting location will weaken 2-3 times faster than clean nail. Rust cleaning, place the nails in a container (not glass) with fine gravel (fraction 1-5) and fill with diesel fuel, gasoline, solvent. Shake intensively, the longer the better the fuel will soak the rust and rubble clean nails. Then rinse with water and dry.
Before removing the nail, make sure it is not cross-cutting and are bent from the back side.
Small nails hold better special devices. Advice for the home environment — to insert a nail in the comb-comb.

When a large amount of work with 50-100 mm nails use the hammer with magnetic holder.

The screw was invented by Leonardo da Vinci, but in order for this metiz “conquered the world”, we had to create a machine for mass production. Today in the world tens of millions are tightening the screws daily.

The benefits of working with screws:

Withstands high loads on the pulling.
Provides a good clamping force.
Multiple use.
Smooth installation, enabling correction along the way.
Convenient dismantling.
More corrosion resistant (than nails).
Less metal consumption per unit and less weight.

Disadvantages of screws:

Requires power tools (for woodworking).
Often break when tightening the caps, then removing the screws difficult. When shot down the same slots.
A relatively high percentage of marriage.
The higher the cost.

Huge range of screws, screws and their derivatives allows to find threaded hardware for any task. They are plastic, wood, concrete and metal. Apply everywhere and nails, including furniture. Thicker, anchoring screws perform a double-groove blade.

18 Photos of the Carpenter work. Expert tips, tricks, and secrets