Automatic water supply of a private house

How to equip the well
There is a different set of wells. Artesian wells will not be considered, there is another system. The most common standard bore today this well at a depth of 25 to 50 meters. We will consider it.
And so you have ready well. If not, then contact the organizations that are engaged in drilling water wells.
Consider the most common case where the well is located on the street near the house. You stupid sticking out of the ground tube with diameter of 100-159 mm. If in your area the water level rises to below two metres from ground level, You’re in luck. You can do well well. I mean, in swampy areas it is difficult to make the wells as there is a likelihood of flooding in the upper waters into the borehole. Well, in swampy areas to make the wells are not feasible. In swampy areas have to do a little insulated closed extension above ground level. The extension should give us the opportunity to serve the downhole system. And that is the ability to change the pump and clean the well. If to take into account the room itself, which will be well pipe, it should be in width not less than 1×1 meter in height at least 1 meter, provided that the above downhole pipe will hatch. If there is a side door, height up to 2 meters. To be able to pull the pump together with the water. The development of better insulation on all sides (including top and bottom) polystyrene Board in the form of a foam with a minimum thickness of 100 mm So as to heat this room makes no sense. In order to keep the water in the pipe is not frozen, it is necessary to impose pipe heating cable. On heating the cable later. Downhole pipe from the floor level should not be below 400mm. just in case from accidental salopov to the top of the water falling into the well.

Place concrete screed can be laid brick or cinder block, at Your discretion.
If the place is not swampy and have the opportunity to do well.
Well, let’s call the premises below ground level. This well, also, to insulate the polystyrene Board in the form of a foam thickness of not less 100mm. Thermal insulation of manufacture in order that the water in the pipe in the winter is not cold. But then there is also the insulation of the well is required for insurance to attach along the pipe heating cable. The borehole pipe should not be below 400mm from the floor level. (See. image)

Hatch or any other door in the winter needs to be dull insulated. If a door or the hatch is not insulated, it is possible for the entire space of pipeline to lay a soft wool for extra warmth. The well is considered a more reliable device for wells. As it is in the ground and because of this it will be much warmer and the risk of freeze pipe is minimal. Since the inner layers of the earth comes the temperature of +8 degrees Celsius. The deeper the well, the warmer will be in the well.
How to conduct water from the well to the house?

The pipe should be below ground level to 2 meters. In this case, the pipe may freeze on the ground lift. Especially near the Foundation, which is not insulated from the outside. By the way, the Foundation must be insulated at least to the depth of 1 meter.
The pipe should be well insulated, and the pipe should be attached with self-regulating heating cable.
As for the pipe, the pipe that leads from the well to the house should be of metal or cross-linked polyethylene. Also from cheap materials allowed in pipe HDPE. But pipe HDPE to spend do not recommend. It will be weaker than metal. It is always safer to hold the plastic without tearing, and corners. You’re digging a hole where the pipe goes once and for all. So this pipe is made of metal not afraid of curves. And can withstand multiple times of freezing water in the pipe. HDPE pipe freeze much subject to destruction. Do not try to stretch the hose, who would You not persuade.
With regard to the pipeline diameter, for ordinary even a large house of up to 400m2 32 mm in diameter. Even if you have one node in the supply, you still need a diameter of 32mm. Below we consider the automatic water supply system schematic, and I’ll explain why you need this diameter.
In practice, very often we are too lazy to dig a trench for a water pipe! And I will please You, that you can not dig a trench for a water pipe. But it is necessary to observe conditions below the water in the pipe is not frozen.
If the pipe is on the top, then be sure to such pipe should be attached with self-regulating heating cable is not less than 9 watts/meter. All pipe must be capital thermal insulation thickness of insulation not less than 100mm. Insulation must be sealed. The first three layers are made of energofleks with the increase of the diameter of energofleks every the joints between energetikami reliable wrap reinforced tape for a good seal between the layers. This is mandatory, and then you can wrap the wool. The heater has to pass through the well and through the house to ensure that these locations do not freeze.
If You decide to not dig a deep hole, in stages of 0.5-1 meter, then this too must be attached to the water pipe heating cable and insulate in two or three layers of energofleks and stick to the sewer pipe 110, in order to energofleks not hurting. If energofleks will be compacted, it will lose its insulation properties.
Still sold special corrugated plastic pipe of large diameter, can be thrust.

This is enough to insulate the pipe in the ground. Self-regulating cable supports zero temperature water. Layers of energofleks prevent the passage of temperature. And the outer tube is required for podderjaniya forms of energofleks. Because if you start ramming energoflex, it will lose its insulation properties.
Scotch or duct tape wound heating cable. The parameters of the heating cable: not less than 9 W/m. slides energoflex, the joints of energofleks wound tape. Then the whole pie is inserted in an outer pipe. It can be red sewer pipe diameter 110 or corrugation of the original diameter. Preferably, if You have a marshy place, the outer pipe pin hermetically sealed to prevent water from leaking inside. You must squander seams reinforced with tape.
Self-regulating heating cable is designed to adjust the temperature. That is, if the heating cable is heated, it stops drawing power or tends to stop the consumption of electricity. This means that the cable itself will consume energy depending on heat loss. The better insulation of the pipe, the less the heating cable will consume energy.
If You decide to dig deep to 2 metres from ground level, I would advise also to lay the heating cable because You will certainly be rising pipe, and these places are possible Pomorska pipes. It is also necessary in the pit along the water pipe to make heating cable. Itself and the downhole pipe to the floor of the well is to wrap a heating cable in increments of 200mm.
Very convenient location with a pipe, lay the mains cable of the downhole pump. See image.

Wiring for the pump is better to take 4жильный with a section not lower than 2,5. Why 4-wire because there are pumps that power is on 4 veins. And the box itself(ROM) power supply can be mounted in a warm room at home. But there are pumps that the liner goes in two veins. And 4 lived this just in case. If You decide to take the pump out, which is 4 live. Section 2.5 is also a stock, that if that be able in the future to power a more powerful pump.
About self-regulating heating cable, don’t forget to buy a heat shrink sleeve with metal contacts. The heat-shrink sleeve gives the opportunity to carry out two operations with the following cable: – it’s soeding heating cable with power cable and is sealed to the other end of the heating cable. That is, You need one side to feed the cable, and on the other end of the cable to close tight tip. If that ask the consultant of the seller.

There is also another way of pulling the heating cable, is when the heating cable is inside the pipe. There is a special self-regulating cables, which are located in the aquatic environment, these cables are usually brilliantly smooth. There are special adapters that give the opportunity to the junction or entrance of the pipe to make a reliable seal. There at the entrance is a thick elastic band which is clamped and bursting with all the cracks to avoid leaks. Will tell You the connection is very reliable.
Which pump to choose for the well?

On the market a sufficient number of pumps to consider, and what kind of pump You need!?
For temporary use you can use a vibration pump

40 Photos of the Automatic water supply of a private house

well constructionwater storageSolar daily water supplyro plant reverse osmosis systemprivate water systemprivate water supply boreholesprivate water ideaprivate watergrundfos pump ideal for water supply systemscomplete water pumps for private and public water distribution networksCarter Pumps for water supplycity water supply systemCompact Private Water Supplyprivate water systemBespoke Pumping Supply Systemscirculateur grundfos hydrowater supply systems lifecycle cost analysiswater supply costSan-Diego water supply costsystem model water smart